Customs Clearance is the process by which goods are granted permission by the Ghana Revenue Authority Customs Division (“Customs”) to enter or leave Ghana’s Customs Territory. Read more
Customs Clearance is the process by which goods are granted permission by the Ghana Revenue Authority Customs Division (“Customs”) to enter or leave Ghana’s Customs Territory. All documentation necessary for this process may be submitted electronically through the Ghana Single Window by a registered Customs Declarant (frequently referred to as a “Clearing Agent”).
High-Level Process Description
The Customs Clearance Sub-process contains 9 basic steps:
- The Customs Declarant ensures that all necessary pre-clearance documentation has been processed.
- The Customs Declarant submits a Bill of Entry (BoE) to Customs. The duty and taxes payable are automatically calculated and a risk level assigned based on the information contained in the BoE.
- The Customs Declarant makes payment for duty and taxes through an authorised bank.
- Customs carries out a review of submitted documents. The nature of the process varies depending on risk level:
- A “Release Message” is created to notify the Shipping Agent that they may proceed with the processing of the Delivery Order.
- Customs carries out cargo examination (if required by risk level).
- Customs approves the cargo clearance and a “Delivery Allowed Message” is generated to notify the Terminal Operator that cargo may be released.
- Customs Preventive Section carries out Exit Verification before cargo physically exits the port.
- Customs Gate carries out a final verification before recording the “Gate Out” event.