Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
How CITES works
CITES works by subjecting international trade in specimens of selected species to certain controls. All import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of species covered by the Convention has to be authorized through a licensing system. Each Party to the Convention must designate one or more Management Authorities in charge of administering that licensing system and one or more Scientific Authorities to advise them on the effects of trade on the status of the species.
The Management Authority in charge of administering the CITES Permit in Ghana is the Wildlife Division of the Forestry Commission.
CITES Module on the GCNet eMDA Portal
1. The electronic module duplicates the exact requirements and format of the internationally accepted CITES permit.
2. Its electronic format enhances the security features of the CITES, hence reducing forgery. It enhanced features includes; Unique Document Reference Number, Electronic Signature and Security Stamp Number.
3. Applicants are made aware of any fees and charges.
4. Quota system is easy monitored and regulated as there is a reducing balance on exported item quantities with an alert to the applicant when quota is exhausted or exceeded.
According to the degree of protection they need , species as covered by CITES are listed in three Appendices namely :
Appendix I: includes species threatened with extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.
Appendix II: includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.
Appendix III: contains species that are protected in at least one country, which has asked other CITES Parties for assistance in controlling the trade. Changes to Appendix III follow a distinct procedure from changes to Appendices I and II, as each Party’s is entitled to make unilateral amendments to it.